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Genezio Context

The GnzContext object provided by the @genezio/types packages is the primary way in which you can interact with middlewares in Genezio projects. Our out of the box middleware already uses this type to ensure cross-integration between our platform and your code.

The GnzContext object has the following structure:

export type GnzContext = {
token: string | undefined;
| {
email: string;
userId: string;
authProvider: string;
createdAt: Date;
verified: boolean;
name?: string;
address?: string;
profilePictureUrl?: string;
customInfo?: {
[key: string]: string;
| undefined;
requestContext: any | undefined;
headers: any | undefined;
isGnzContext: boolean | undefined;

The token and the user properties are used for the @GenezioAuth decorator. The requestContext and the headers properties are used to store information about the incoming request. These two properties can be used to monitor cookies, source IPs, browser information, etc. The last property is used to tell the genezio platform that this is a GnzContext object. This is used to populate the object with the intended information.


It is important to note that the GnzContext object needs to be placed as the first parameter of your function for it to work as intended.

How to use the GnzContext object

Let's see an example of how to use the GnzContext object in a Genezio project:

You will need a Genezio project to continue. If you don't have one, you can check out the Getting Started guide.

The best way to use the GnzContext for your middleware is by creating decorators that will perform the necessary operations on the context object. Let's create a simple middleware that logs the context object using decorators. In your Genezio project, create a new file called middleware.ts and add the following code:

export function LogGnzContext() {
return function (value: Function, context: any) {
return function (...args: any[]) {
// Check if the first parameter is a GnzContext object
if (args.length === 0 || !args[0].isGnzContext) {
"Error: the LogGnzContext decorator must be used with the first parameter being a GnzContext object"
throw new Error("Invalid context");
// If the first parameter is a GnzContext object, log it
// @ts-expect-error
const func = value.bind(this);
const result = func(...args);
return result;

Now go into a class that will be deployed and attach the middleware to a method. For example, let's create a class called BackendService and attach the middleware to the hello method:

import { GenezioDeploy, GnzContext } from "@genezio/types";
import { LogGnzContext } from "./middleware";

export class BackendService {
constructor() {}

async hello(ctx: GnzContext, name: string): Promise<string> {
console.log(`Hello from backend service ${name}`);

return `Hello from backend service ${name}`;

Notice how the LogGnzContext decorator is attached to the hello method. This will log the GnzContext object to the console every time the hello method is called.

Now, you can run genezio local and test the hello method from the test interface. You should see the GnzContext object being logged to the console.

This is an example of how a GnzContext might look like:

"requestContext": {
"http": {
"method": "POST",
"path": "/",
"protocol": "HTTP/1.1",
"userAgent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/ Safari/537.36",
"sourceIp": ""
"url": {
"password": "",
"host": "localhost",
"hostname": "localhost",
"port": "",
"pathname": "/",
"search": "",
"searchParams": {
"URLSearchParams": {}
"hash": ""
"headers": {
"Host": "",
"Accept": "*/ *",
"Accept-Encoding": "gzip, deflate, br, zstd",
"Accept-Language": "en-US,en;q=0.9",
"Content-Length": "336",
"Content-Type": "application/json",
"Origin": "",
"Priority": "u=1, i",
"Referer": "",
"Sec-Ch-Ua": "\"Google Chrome\";v=\"125\", \"Chromium\";v=\"125\", \"Not.A/Brand\";v=\"24\"",
"Sec-Ch-Ua-Mobile": "?0",
"Sec-Ch-Ua-Platform": "\"Windows\"",
"Sec-Fetch-Dest": "empty",
"Sec-Fetch-Mode": "cors",
"Sec-Fetch-Site": "same-site",
"User-Agent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/ Safari/537.36",
"X-Forwarded-For": ""
"isGnzContext": true

Here we can see that the GnzContext object was successfully populated with the request context and headers information. Even though the user and token properties are not present, they would be populated if the request was authenticated. Using this object and decorators you can create a set of middlewares that can be used to perform operations based on the network information provided by the GnzContext object.

More details

If you want to learn more about how to use the GnzContext object, you can check out the Authentication and Rate Limiter features. Both of these features use the GnzContext object to perform their operations.